The apple is the fruit of the apple tree from the Rosaceae family tree. The tree is originary from Western Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus Sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been cultivated for thousands years in Asia and Europe and were brought to North America by European settlers. There are more than 7.500 species and varieties of apples. The different species are found in temperate and subtropical climates, once apple trees do not flower in tropical areas, since they require a considerable number of chilling hours, which varies depending on the variety grown. The apple has always been an important food source in cold climates. It's the kind of fruit, except citrus, which can be stored for longer, saving much of their nutritional value. The apple is a fruit tasty and healthy, normally with reddish color but can also be green. This fruit beautifully unfolds the history of mankind with two moments highly symbolic as it appears as an impressive protagonist: 1) the first is known to all Christians and religious who follow the Christian tradition. We can read in the Holy Bible the episode of Original Sin when Adam and Eve "eat the forbidden fruit." 2) The second time the apple appears so revolutionary in the history of mankind is when "it falls on the head" of the great physicist Isaac Newton while he rested in the shade of an apple tree. At that moment, Newton ponders why this fruit fall, and then develops the Law of Universal Gravitation and the called Three Laws of Newton.

Apple is excellent for preventing and maintain cholesterol at acceptable levels, by eating an apple a day. This effect is due to the high pectin content, in the peel. It also has a marked effect for weight loss, because the pectin hinders the absorption of fats, glucose and eliminates cholesterol. The high content of potassium contained in the apple pulp does eliminate excess sodium, eliminating excess water retained in the body.

Apple produces a beneficial action on the heart working in two ways: by the high potassium content and the presence of pectin, which prevents the deposition of fat in the arterial wall, preventing arteriosclerosis. For all this, improves blood circulation, reducing cardiac work, extending the life of the heart.

Helps treat elimination of toxins from the blood, scurvy, flu, intestinal lazy, tired skin, dehydrated and congested, constipation, digestive problems, mucosal protection, fluid retention, rheumatism, nervous tension. Apple juice has a concentrated amount of neurotransmitter acetylcholine in mice, providing a potential mechanism for the prevention of the decline in cognitive performance that accompanies dietary and genetic deficiencies and combat aging. The apple has vitamins B1, B2, Niacin, and minerals, such as phosphorous and iron.

The apple is used to prepare fermented alcoholic beverages such as Asturian cider, the French Calvados and Basque sagardua.

Calories: 100 grams contains about 58 calories.


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